You can import JPEG and other picture formats to Arboard graphics editor and produce a .drawing file from it. This will be a bitmap to vector conversion though, so the results may not be spectacular in case of complex pictures or photographs. This works only on OS X, there is no way to perform this conversion in Windows.
Convert JPEG bitmap image format to Artboard drawing file.
We found one software available in the database for this conversion.
Apple macOS / Mac OS X software - convert jpg to drawing on OS X
A vector graphics editor and illustrator
Convert from jpg file format
The table with program actions contains information about what each program is capable of doing with their files. This may be a good pointer for further searches for certain file conversions and help you find the converter you are looking for if our search result is insufficient for you. However, it is far from perfect and may sometimes show results which are not really usable because of the nature of the software handles the files. So a conversion that appears as possible, just because of matched actions, may in fact not be possible.