The most convenient and likely also only way how to produce an .abbu file (Apple Addresses Book archive) would be to use Mac OS X Contacts (formerly Address Book), import your .vcf file there and export, or copy out the .abbu archive. It is unlikely this can be achieve with other program and you can only do this on OS X platform.
Convert vCard contacts to Apple Address Book contacts archive.
We found one software available in the database for this conversion.
Apple macOS / Mac OS X software - convert vcf to abbu on OS X
Contact management tool for Mac OS X
Convert from vcf file format
The table with program actions contains information about what each program is capable of doing with their files. This may be a good pointer for further searches for certain file conversions and help you find the converter you are looking for if our search result is insufficient for you. However, it is far from perfect and may sometimes show results which are not really usable because of the nature of the software handles the files. So a conversion that appears as possible, just because of matched actions, may in fact not be possible.