There exist a nice little program in Mac App Store called AB2CSV from Antonio Lore that is used exactly for this conversion.
Convert Apple Address Book database to Comma Separated Value.
We have found one software suitable in our database for this conversion.
Apple macOS / Mac OS X software - convert abcddb to csv on OS X
AB2CSV - also known as Address Book to CSV Exporter, is a Mac OS X utility allows the user to export his own Address Book in a CSV or VCF file.
Convert from abcddb file
to csv file
The table with program actions contains information about what each program is capable of doing with their files. This may be a good pointer for further searches for certain file conversions and help you find the converter you are looking for if our search result is insufficient for you. However, it is far from perfect and may sometimes show results which are not really usable because of the nature of the software handles the files. So a conversion that appears as possible, just because of matched actions, may in fact not be possible.