There exist a nice little program in Mac App Store called AB2CSV from Antonio Lore that is used exactly for this conversion.
Convert Apple Address Book database to Comma Separated Value.
We found one software available in the database for this conversion.
Apple macOS / Mac OS X software - convert abcddb to csv on OS X
A small utility used to convert Mac Address Book to CSV format
Convert from abcddb file format
The table with program actions contains information about what each program is capable of doing with their files. This may be a good pointer for further searches for certain file conversions and help you find the converter you are looking for if our search result is insufficient for you. However, it is far from perfect and may sometimes show results which are not really usable because of the nature of the software handles the files. So a conversion that appears as possible, just because of matched actions, may in fact not be possible.