CorelDRAW supports GIF format and you can import it to the program as an object or transform bitmap image into vectors.
If you want to transform and convert bitmap jpg graphic to Corel vector graphics there is a special function in Corel Draw called Corel Power Trace which can be used to convert bitmap graphics to vector and thus saved as CDR format.
This function is accessible through the Raster ► Convert to Raster menu option when you have selected the object (imported JPG image).
In previous versions of CorelDRAW Graphics Suite it was standalone application called Corel Power Trace. In newer versions it is integrated into CorelDRAW program as a function.
Because the Corel CDR format is not that supported in 3rd party programs, there is probably no other software that could perform simple GIF to CDR conversion, or that it even supports latest versions of CDR format.