The most convenient and likely also only way how to produce an .abbu file (Apple Addresses Book archive) would be to use Mac OS X Contacts (formerly Address Book), import your .vcf file there and export, or copy out the .abbu archive. It is unlikely this can be achieve with other program and you can only do this on OS X platform.
Convert vCard contacts to Apple Address Book contacts archive.
We have found one software suitable in our database for this conversion.
Apple macOS / Mac OS X software - convert vcf to abbu on OS X
The Mac OS X Address Book is a little handy application with loads of features that are often overlooked by most users. Its very useful for for organizing your contacts, but Address Book's real power is that it works with many other applications. Its an integral part of Mac OS X operation system. From Mac OS X Mountain Lion the Address Book will be renamed to Contacts.
Convert from vcf file
to abbu file
The table with program actions contains information about what each program is capable of doing with their files. This may be a good pointer for further searches for certain file conversions and help you find the converter you are looking for if our search result is insufficient for you. However, it is far from perfect and may sometimes show results which are not really usable because of the nature of the software handles the files. So a conversion that appears as possible, just because of matched actions, may in fact not be possible.