NMEA file extension - Global Positioning file (GPS)
What is nmea file? How to open nmea files?
File type specification:
The National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA) has developed a specification that defines the interface between various pieces of marine electronic equipment. The standard permits marine electronics to send information to computers and to other marine equipment. A full copy of this standard is available for purchase at their web site. None of the information on this site comes from this standard and I do not have a copy. Anyone attempting to design anything to this standard should obtain an official copy.
GPS receiver communication is defined within this specification. Most computer programs that provide real time position information understand and expect data to be in NMEA format. This data includes the complete PVT (position, velocity, time) solution computed by the GPS receiver. The idea of NMEA is to send a line of data called a sentence that is totally self contained and independent from other sentences. There are standard sentences for each device category and there is also the ability to define proprietary sentences for use by the individual company. All of the standard sentences have a two letter prefix that defines the device that uses that sentence type. (For gps receivers the prefix is GP.) which is followed by a three letter sequence that defines the sentence contents. In addition NMEA permits hardware manufactures to define their own proprietary sentences for whatever purpose they see fit. All proprietary sentences begin with the letter P and are followed with 3 letters that identifies the manufacturer controlling that sentence. For example a Garmin sentence would start with PGRM and Magellan would begin with PMGN.
Each sentence begins with a '$' and ends with a carriage return/line feed sequence and can be no longer than 80 characters of visible text (plus the line terminators). The data is contained within this single line with data items separated by commas. The data itself is just ascii text and may extend over multiple sentences in certain specialized instances but is normally fully contained in one variable length sentence. The data may vary in the amount of precision contained in the message. For example time might be indicated to decimal parts of a second or location may be show with 3 or even 4 digits after the decimal point. Programs that read the data should only use the commas to determine the field boundaries and not depend on column positions. There is a provision for a checksum at the end of each sentence which may or may not be checked by the unit that reads the data. The checksum field consists of a '*' and two hex digits representing an 8 bit exclusive OR of all characters between, but not including, the '$' and '*'. A checksum is required on some sentences.
There have been several changes to the standard but for gps use the only ones that are likely to be encountered are 1.5 and 2.0 through 2.3. These just specify some different sentence configurations which may be peculiar to the needs of a particular device thus the gps may need to be changed to match the devices being interfaced to. Some gps's provide the ability configure a custom set the sentences while other may offer a set of fixed choices. Many gps receivers simply output a fixed set of sentences that cannot be changed by the user. The current version of the standard is 3.01. I have no specific information on this version, but I am not aware of any GPS products that require conformance to this version.
List of recommended software applications associated to the .nmea file extension
Recommended software programs are sorted by OS platform (Windows, macOS, Linux etc.) and possible program actions
that can be done with the file: like open nmea file, edit nmea file, convert nmea file, view nmea file, play nmea file etc. (if exist software for corresponding action in File-Extensions.org's database).
- Convert nmea file
nmea file converter - software that convert nmea file - Global Positioning file (GPS)
Click on the link to get more information about OziMapConverter for convert nmea file action.