Theoretically, it should be possible to extract data from ISO images and these then repacked to DEB packages. However, such resulting Debian package won't be useable as installation packages. It is not a common conversion.
Convert CD/DVD/HD DVD/Blu-ray disc ISO binary image to Debian Linux package.
We found 2 software records in the database related to .iso to .deb file format conversion.
Microsoft Windows software - convert iso to deb on Windows
A disk image converter for Microsoft Windows
Convert from iso file format
|Yes, AnyToISO supports deb file conversion as a target file type.||No||No||No||No||No||No||Yes|
The tables with software actions are a good pointer for what a certain program does with various file types and often may give users a good hint how to perform certain file conversion, for example the above-mentioned iso to deb. However, it is not perfect and sometimes can show results which are not really usable because of how certain programs work with files and the possible conversion is thus actually not possible at all.
Apple macOS / Mac OS X software - convert iso to deb on OS X
Mac version of popular disk image converting program